Lunalilo I, born William Charles Lunalilo (January 31, 1835 - February 3, 1874), was king of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i from January 8, 1873 until February 3, 1874. He was the most liberal king in Hawaiian history, but was the reigning monarch of the monarchy for the shortest period of time.
He was born the son of High Chieftess Miriam Auhea Kekauluohi) and High Chief Charles Kanaina. He was grandnephew of Kamehameha I. Through his mother who was the sister Elizabeth Kinau (Kaahumanu II), he was first cousin to Kamehameha V, Kamehameha IV, and Princess Victoria Kamamalu. His name translates Luna (high) lilo (lost) which means so high up as to be lost to sight. He was also named after King William IV of Great Britain, a great friend of Hawaiian royalty. He was educated at the Royal School and declared eligible to succeed by the royal decree of Kamehameha III.
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